Science & Facts


Cooling Singapore works on furthering our understanding of the Urban Heat Island effect (UHI) as it applies to Singapore, and systematically assessing the simulation tools and potential strategies that can be used to mitigate UHI and improve outdoor thermal comfort (OTC). Key tasks include identifying the sources of energy and its losses in Singapore, modelling the UHI effect, and modelling the relationship between road traffic and UHI, as well as publishing reports and guides.